Being tactful comes with training and maturity but it’s also determined by making the right decisions – the right decisions about what to say, when to say it, how to say it, and who to say it to. Leadership Trait # 1. Ultimately, this means that leadership can be learned by an individual. The most loyal Marine or employee is not necessarily the one who has held the job longest. The Marine Corps has identified 14 leadership traits that are viewed by Marines as qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help us earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. I read it a couple of times to reflect how my own organization values this list and whether we had appropriately articulated those traits or not. Courage is doing what’s right, adhering to a higher standard of personal conduct; to lead by example and to make tough decisions under stress and pressure. • Keep your Marines informed. Unselfishness. It is the inner strength that enables a Marine to take that extra step. PSYCH 485: Leadership in Work Settings. Justice Leads to Honor and Respect. There is concern with maintaining self-respect and the respect of equals. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. Throughout time I have seen similar lists for a variety of organizations all applied in their own ways. Leadership: Theory and Practice (Kindle Locations). But this does not mean Marines spend their entire time in the Corps locked at attention. According to Kohlberg, few adults ever reach the highest level of moral development, wherein the impetus to behave one way or another and the criteria for morals are “based on universal, abstract principles which may transcend the laws of a particular society” and encompass the two stages as follows: “Stage 5: ‘good’ behavior conforms to community standards set through democratic participation. Ethical theories, Northouse (2016) describes as falling into two broad categories, either the aspect of a leader’s conduct or character. Justice 14 aspects of leadership, with each letter representing one leadership trait. Leaders have consistency in crisis and do not over commit. This is interesting in application to the Marine Corps leadership principles, as the list encompasses characteristics of both conduct and character, which exemplifies a wholistic ethical approach to leadership. The 14 leadership traits are attributes leaders must posses if they hope to ever gain the respect, and loyalty of their Marines. Research indicates that most people make decisions intuitively rather than analytically more than 90 percent of the time. Northouse (2016) delves into Kohlberg’s classification of moral reasoning in more detail, explaining that individuals who have developed Postconventional morality, are operating on ethical principles that are supported by social contract and based on “internalized universal principles of justice that apply to everyone” (Northouse loc. When asked questions you respond truthfully at all times. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. BACKBONE is a fantastic book (Julia Dye, Ph.D., 2011) about those leadership traits and includes fitting stories of iconic Leathernecks and others who signified those traits in their actions in and out of combat. In a similar way, an outsider can to a large degree tell what kind of leader a person is by the character values they adhere to. It takes more than a little self-discipline. Even when the requirements are difficult, enthusiastic leaders set aside any negative aspects of the mission and focus on the positive energy they can bring to the table. The enduring leader defaults to responsibility. 2. These concepts are more than just words to Marines, they must mean something to every leader in order that they be truly be understood and carried in one’s heart and mind throughout life. Each letter in the acronym corresponds to the first letter of one of the 14 USMC Leadership Traits. Your post was very interesting to me. A leader must make a conscientious effort to observe his Marines and how they react to different situations. 6791, 2016). Endurance Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. The leadership traits the USMC espouse are so on the money. When followers see leaders acting with integrity, they are more likely to want to emulate that quality. After all, an organization is only as good as its people. Marines are taught qualities of Justice, Judgement, Initiative and Decisiveness which all characterize the element of ethics which is to direct and guide people’s conduct, as ethics informs the decisions leaders make or how they respond to different circumstances and situations (Northouse loc. This opportunity to look at this list of skills and consider my own organizational language is very helpful. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. Rather, the best leaders are the ones who make knowledge available to their teams and understand how best to deploy that knowledge in the best possible manner. Subordinates express loyalty to that sort of caring leadership by positively and efficiently carrying out the leader’s orders and instructions. I’ve been in the Marines for over 10 years now and I thought it’d be a good idea to relate this week’s lesson to my experiences in the Marine Corps. Judgement 6832, 2016), which is what I got from the leadership qualities of the Marines, and which you mentioned are expected to be upheld by everyone in the society which makes up the Marine Corps. Tact Definition. Lesson 14: Ethics and Leadership. J ustice: Giving reward and punishment according to the merits of the case in question. Without knowledge, it’s fought to make solid judgement calls” (Dye, 2011). Bearing Some would say that’s perfectly understandable. Compare them to John Maxwell’s 21 Laws of Leadership and you can see how universal they are — perhaps even across cultures. Improvise, Adapt, Overcome! The highest echelon of Marine Corps leadership from the Civilian, Enlisted and Officer Corps Justice, Judgment, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Endurance, Bearing, Unselfishness, Courage, Knowledge, Loyalty,& Enthusiasm. JJDIDTIEBUCKLE is an acronym used by Marines representing their 14 leadership traits. At the second level, behaving morally is determined by social convention or hoping for other’s approval: “Stage 3: ‘good’ behavior is that which is approved by others. JJDIDTIEBUCKLE. ‘bad’ behavior results in feelings of guilt or dishonor” (PSU WC lesson 14, 2016). Dependability Thank you for your enlightening post. Basilone’s asbestos gloves had been lost in the chaos and he used his bare hands to handle the hot guns. Leadership Traits. Integrity Courage Some are simply marking time, with little or no interest in making valuable contributions to the organization. Leadership Principles and Traits Marine Corps Leadership Principles • Know yourself and seek self-improvement. Integrity is not lying. By remembering the acronym, they will be able to recall the traits, and use JJDIDTIEBUCKLE to guide … Marine Corps Leadership Traits - USMC Sports Leadership Academy Marine Corps Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. It is extremely important for each Marine to understand the meaning of each leadership trait and how to develop it so that they may know what goals to set as they work to become a good leader and a good follower. A physician can almost always diagnose a patient’s illness by what kinds of medications a patient is taking. Northouse, Peter G.. A person who knows their job thoroughly and possesses … Loyalty You are the one leading the way and if you are not … “ethics has its roots in the Greek word ethos, which translates to ‘customs’, ‘conduct’, or ‘character’” (as cited in Northouse loc. To give consideration to both sides of a situation … Live by these traits always. Descriptively, ethics is about what kind of people leaders are and what they do. Those who get it express it through dedication and professional performance of duty. Copyright 2020 © The Pennsylvania State University, The Toxic Triangle: Chronicle of a fatal teleconference, Bridging Cultural Gaps: Dilemmas in Contrasting Countries. They do what they say they’ll do when they say they’ll do it. In fact I feel it is better for all involved if applying our definitions we view these as skills. Initiative is crucial to being a leader. Knowledge goes beyond the facts of the job; it is also knowledge of your team: who they are and what motivates them. Knowledge A core function of every military organization is to develop leaders. During the battle of Guadalcanal, Marine John Basilone exemplified endurance when he manned his machine gun non-stop for three days and nights without sleep, rest, or food stalling the efforts of an entire enemy regiment. What really stood out to me in our readings was that Peter Northouse described leadership as a process and isn’t a “linear, one-way event, but rather an interactive event. The Handbook for Marine NCOs has the following advice for modern Marines: “Make sound and timely decisions. - A person who knows their job thoroughly and possesses … Candidates, this is the fourth in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. Integrity Courage is situational; it lives in the moments when it is required by people who believe in themselves and in priorities beyond personal comfort and the risks of pain or failure. It’s not easy. Without the aid of references, given a definition, identify the leadership trait. Tact is the ability to communicate in the language that best allows a listener to understand the message or meaning that’s being communicated and to be motivated to act upon it. Print. At all times, Marines conduct themselves in a manner in keeping with the tremendous trust our Nation places in them. More often than not, we as “human animals” must fight against our nature of being selfish. And they do this most particularly in difficult situations. Stage 6: ‘good’ behavior is a matter of individual conscience based on responsibly chosen commitments to ethical principles” (PSU WC lesson 14, 2016). Initiative Enthusiasm We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Often, leaders must assess situations quickly and without significant time to reflect. Previously, I would have labeled them as traits but now I begin to question that terminology. Loyalty You have to voluntarily give that up. Find a way to take the initiative; don’t do it for the recognition or for the glory, do it to help accomplish the mission. Marines say that’s totally unacceptable. Dependability Individuals … People who are enthusiastic about their jobs will make personal sacrifices to spend time at work and educate themselves to do a better job. They can take your life, they can take your savings, they can take your property, they can take everything you’ve got… but the one thing no one can take from you is you integrity, your honor. You mentioned that these 14 traits of Marine Corps leadership are valued as “qualities of thought and action”, which in other words reflects awareness and service to others, qualities attributed to servant leadership (as cited in Northouse, 2016). Be Technically and Tactically Proficient. By study, instruction, and practice, a reasonably intelligent person can become an effective leader, Officer candidates should be guided in their actions throughout the program by the leadership traits and principles contained in Navy and Marine Corps Directive (NAV MC DIR) 1500.58 Marine Corps Mentoring Program Guidebook and Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 6-11 Leading Marines. Marines demand dependability in all situations – on and off the battlefield. In reality, though, leaders are not effective because they are the knowledge holders. And some people sell it awfully cheap. The Marine Corps seeks to instill leadership in each and every single Marine as they progress through Recruit Training or Officer Candidate School. Leadership. Ethics, which is a concept attributed back to ancient philosophers, Plato (427-347 b.c.) They set an example for others to follow in both attitude and behavior. • Make sound and timely decisions. Tact is the ability to say something or make a point in such a way that not only is the other person not offended; they are totally receptive. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. Lack of justice will … Decisiveness LEADERSHIP TRAITS AND PRINCIPLES TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. - This is one of the most important of the leadership principles. Since these leadership principles of the USMC are so important to each and every Marine to live daily, they have a clever acronym to remember each of the 14 leadership traits. Dye, Julia. Unselfish leaders make decisions that benefit as many as possible, without worrying too much about themselves. • Set the example. If you really … She writes: “If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. Study the leadership traits and other lessons ahead of time on our academics page.. This is a cooler way of saying that you make your own luck. Tact Tact Unselfishness As good leaders, we have to hold people accountable. A leader expresses loyalty to his subordinates by supporting their needs and ensuring their welfare in a number of ways. “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE JJDIDTIEBUCKLE . Basilone endured with a pair of burned hands. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. To be a great leader, we must get better at many these and then build a team that compliments our weaker areas. • Know your Marines and look out for their welfare. Attitude shapes your beliefs. Integrity. The Marine Corps refers to the “70 Percent Solution,” meaning an imperfect solution that can be acted upon quickly, rather than waiting for the perfect judgment – which may never come. An Army officer sums up what makes Marines different, “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, USMC Tattoo – EGA STENCIL: Eagle Globe & Anchor LINE ART. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. Core USMC leadership traits and principles include endurance. Kohlberg (1981 as cited in PSU WC lesson 14, 2016) who philosophized and observed moral reasoning in human behaviors, came up with a classification for what he determined to be 6 stages of moral reasoning, which he grouped into three levels, Preconventional, Conventional, and Postconventional. And beyond all other excellent traits, there is one that not only “fits-in” but “stands-out” as virtue: Today’s complex and knowledge-intensive world requires the kind of bottom-up leadership that Marine NCO’s undertake every day. Retrieved from: Northouse, Peter G. (2015). Endurance. To me if we were to refer to this list as skills or behaviors it would be much more accurate and, in the end more, desirable. (p. 19) I am not sure that was the intention of this list or if we would even want to endorse it as a list of traits with these definitions. But it works, and a show of enthusiasm often leads to truly inspirational behavior. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 22 … Learn usmc leadership traits with free interactive flashcards. Until recent reading for this course I never really thought to ask the question that now I can’t stop asking myself…are these traits? SAGE Publications. 6791, 2016). ‘bad’ behavior is that which is disapproved by others; [and] Stage 4: ‘good’ behavior conforms to standards set by social institutions. In the very idea that you are either born with traits or you are not makes a list of traits closed to any who aspire to grow in their role. Sharing knowledge with subordinates can feel to some leaders as though they are giving up control, and they may be loathe to do so. I appreciated your sharing of the 14 leadership traits valued by the Marine Corps, your clear and concise presentation, and for pointing out the acronym which likely would’ve been missed if you hadn’t. When we are cognizant of this, it is virtue–upon which all other traits take their place in mind and action. Penn State World Campus (2016). Courage Choose from 500 different sets of usmc leadership traits flashcards on Quizlet. "JJ DID TIE BUCKLE" is a mneumonic device Marines use to remember the Marine Corps.' In the midst of chaos and uncertainty, one thing is certain: Marines depend on the sense of order that comes from discipline, fortitude and moral courage. In Northouse (2015) the “great man” theories were discussed. I highly recommend acquiring a copy of the book for reference and for the great history lessons. Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. Leaders are individuals who value justice. They are rooted in the “good man”/ fellow person–the highest accolade that can be bestowed on any of us. Kindle Edition. Think outside the box, try new things, and consider new solutions to existing problems. • Be technically and tactically proficient. Initiative. When we’re enthusiastic about something, we’re willing to sacrifice for it. • Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates. You mentioned in your post that these traits are more than just a list to be memorized, but that they must be internalized by every Marine. A LIFE WELL LIVED. May 22, 2016 by Michael David Fry 3 Comments. At the end of the battle, only three Marines from Basilone’s machinegun crew were still standing. Leadership is not a thing; it is a relationship. Justice is the practice of being fair and consistent. Candidates, this is a post in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. The higher the stage, the more progressed and complex a person is capable of reasoning, in Kohlberg’s view. Leaders with bearing know where they stand, and they understand the environment in which they work. The precursor to the Marine Corps' 14 Leadership Traits (Bearing, Courage, Decisiveness, Dependability, Endurance, Enthusiasm, Initiative, Integrity, Judgment, Justice, Knowledge, Loyalty, Tact, and Unselfishness) originally appeared in the Department of the Army Pamphlet No. The best way to memorize these traits are with the acronym “JJ DID TIE BUCKLE” Backbone : History, Traditions and Leadership Lessons of Marine Corps NCOs. Be Technically And Tactically Proficient. Moreover, the qualities which you indicated are meant to dignify persons affiliated with the Marines, as well as equip them with the attitude and view of the world that reflects those virtuous characteristics. Botley, Oxford, UK ; Long Island City, NY, USA :Osprey Pub., 2011. Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished; In many military situations, a timely, though inferior, decision is better than a long-delayed theoretically correct, decision. “First, it is a leader-centered model that stresses the importance of the leader’s abilities, and it places learned skills the center of effective leadership.” (p. 69). Initiative is taking action even though you haven’t been given orders. Men and women who are enthusiastic about being Marines understand that sacrifice might come at a very high price. The acronym we use to memorize these 14 leadership traits is JJDIDTIEBUCKLE. Courage is never an easy commodity to find, whether it’s disciplining a subordinate, standing up to superiors, or facing swarms of charging enemies. The terms troops, Marines, and employees can be used interchangeably. For Marines, it’s about the mission and keeping the mission central to each tactical decision. Justice, Judgment, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Endurance, Bearing,... Dependability. In a military environment, identify the leadership traits and principles of the Marine Corps, per the reference ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. Decisiveness Those theories that only “great” people possessed a list of traits like this. The Marine Corps has identified 14 leadership traits that are viewed by Marines as qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help us earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. As a business owner, it is imperative that you respond to the things that happen in your business from day to day. They are intertwined and interdependent, like the parts of a fine watch or the gears in a complex machine. If something must be done, then it must be done, even if the best resources or relevant training aren’t available. What I got from your comments is that these characteristics give a sense of purpose and meaning to who the Marines are, and what individuals are expected to represent. Study the leadership traits and other lessons ahead of time on our academics page.. Initiative Definition. We have to show that if you do good, you get good things. Initiative It is knowledge of the culture in which you work, so that you understand what your superior’s goals and missions are. There’s only one thing that no one can take away from you. If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. Integrity in a leader is reflected by honesty as well as a desire to inspire and a devotion of values that the leader constantly tried to communicate to those he or she leads. The leader with integrity can rarely if ever relax a commitment to what he or she believes is the behavior that best reflects those closely held values. This guideline doesn’t advise acting in extreme haste; rather, it advises avoiding “analysis Paralysis.” It argues that with 70 percent of the possible knowledge, having completed 70 percent of the analysis, and with a confidence rate of about 70 percent, the time is right to make an informed judgment. TO make a sound decision, you should know your mission, what you are capable of doing to accomplish it, what means you have to accomplish it, and what possible impediments or obstacles exist (in combat, these would be enemy capabilities) that might stand in the way. LIFE IN THE MARINE CORPS BATTLES WELL FOUGHT. Justice. If you do bad, you will be held accountable. The business of knowing what to do and how to do it lifts the leader above the crowd. Without knowledge, it’s tough to make solid judgment calls. Knowledge At the Preconventional level, a person’s basis for right and wrong is mostly rooted in self-interest, and usually either fear induced, such as wanting to avoid punishment or motivated by reward, stage 1 being bad behavior is punishable and stage 2, good behavior merits reward. In the Marines, we had an acronym, JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, to help us recall the 14 leadership traits of the Corps: judgment, justice, decisiveness, initiative, dependability, tact, integrity, endurance… Enthusiasm Justice – Justice is defined as the fair and impartial assignment of merited rewards and punishments. I feel that Julia Dye does a great job summarizing the leadership traits in her book “BACKBONE”. One of the things which really struck me about this list was that unlike most of the leadership theories we’ve studied in our PSYCH 485 course, morality seems to be the core focus, referring to the concepts presented in leadership ethics. If something needs correcting, correct it. Those who get it express it through dedication and professional performance of duty. Never let the sun go down on a soldier’s pay problem. If a Marine truly embodies all the virtues of JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, “Justice; Judgement; Dependability; Initiative; Decisiveness; Tact; Integrity; Enthusiasm; Bearing; Unselfishness; Courage; Knowledge; Loyalty; Endurance;” (Fry, 2016) they would reflect Kohlberg (1981 as cited in PSU WC, 2016)’s highest level, Preconventional level, of moral reasoning. A Marine with bearing is driven toward a goal with purpose, jumping at opportunities with self-improvement that increase his ability to reach that goal. And is also is self-knowledge: unflinchingly knowing your own strengths and weaknesses, and having a desire to excel. Northouse (2015) describes the strengths of skills based approach and the first one listed the ability to learn. Bearing is about channeling that drive to other people. They look out for the welfare of their teams beyond simple job descriptions, legal concerns, and even their own personal comfort. Bearing Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. And if I’ve learned anything about our first week in class it’s that leadership is about people and building relationships. Integrity is the cornerstone of leadership. Judgment I have summarized each trait below, using verbatim text in most cases, based on what I took away from each section in Backbone. Would love your thoughts, please comment. A hero one day may be a catatonic wreck the next. Adaptability. A just person gives consideration to each side of a situation and bases rewards or punishments on merit. Justice Leaders with bearing know where they stand, and they understand the environment in which they work. Unselfishness Marine Corps leadership traits are relevant in both the Marine Corps and civilian society. Timeliness is also important as soundness. Without unselfishness, it may be difficult to be dependable. 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